Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Scandal Sheet (1952)


(Scandal Sheet was screened at the San Francisco Castro Theatre on Friday, January 23 along with Deadline USA as part of Noir City 7.)

Scandal Sheet is directed with a particularly pungent, uncensored acumen by Phil Karlson, whose fidelity to the screenplay by Ted Sherdeman, Eugene Ling and James Poe, based on the novel “The Dark Page” by Samuel Fuller, enriches the film for its entire eighty-two minute runtime. (The film's title in the United Kingdom was The Dark Page.) Karlson, aided by cinematographer Burnett Guffey—whose lens seems to inescapably capture every last sealed crevice on the gritty sidewalks or clammy characters' faces—creates a verisimilitude out of mise-en-scene that perfectly imparts the scabrousness of the picture's very story. Surveying the relationships in a scandal rag “newsroom” controlled by a bulldog of a man who behaves almost like a centurion guard, managing editor Mark Chapman (a relentless Broderick Crawford), Karlson makes the camera an impartial observer, making casual note of the rampant, anfractuous headline-grabbing (and -making) that is made into a virtue by the avaricious Chapman. Chapman's running of the newspaper, once a respectable publication, The Comet, creating a “scandal rag,” has dramatically increased the circulation of the paper, and he reminds the partnered owners of the institution of that unalterable fact.

Fuller's novel, “The Dark Page,” came about when he decided to write a book about some of the more outstanding experiences of his career as a newspaperman. Fuller had to serve in World War II (with the “Big Red One”) and was notified by his mother while he was away that a publisher was quite interested in purchasing the rights to his first draft. Only a couple of years later, Fuller learned that none other than Howard Hawks was quite interested in adapting the book into a film, and bought the rights for $15,000. Fuller's mother was ecstatic and sent her son $1,000 while he and his unit were fighting in Europe. Sadly, Hawks never made the film, and sold the rights for several times what he paid for them. The buyer was Columbia Pictures, and Karlson would direct it.

The atmospheric component Karlson brings to the picture makes it somehow more compulsively watchable than most films with similar “set-ups.” Crawford's Chapman, like almost all of the best noir protagonists, is a man who has skillfully managed to escape his past, but, as in so much of noir, it is the past that he cannot truly evade. And, as in most noir, the chilling hand of irony finds itself practically slapping Chapman's face—it is through a very idea originated from his greedy mind that his past catches up with him. The newspaper actually hosts a “lonely-hearts ball,” where many companionless people are brought to one venue. Chapman's cynicism is unrestricted, and he guarantees a prize to a couple who marry on the very evening they meet one another: a bed, with a built-in television set.

It is at this “lonely-hearts club” event that Chapman's past runs into him and he is eventually placed in an unenviable position. Suffice it to say he makes a mess out of an already unfortunate situation, and is compelled to cover up a crime he has committed. In pursuing that crime, however, his ace reporter, the young, handsome Steve McCleary (an exceedingly effective motor-mouthing John Derek), digs up just enough dirt to make it into a story—and one so sensationalistic that Chapman is practically forced to run his reporter's story in the newspaper, despite it being highly dangerous to himself. The delicious paradoxical scenario—the potential undoing of Chapman's person due to his own recalcitrant desire to see the most controversial subject matter splash across his front page to ensure wider and wider circulation—is quite the cinematic meal to be engorged.

Fuller is widely attributed the line that the very beginning of a film should give the viewer a “hard-on,” which crudely approximates what his directorial outings would later achieve. (Including the fine newspaper noirish melodrama Park Row from the very same year.) Scandal Sheet almost achieves that standard of criteria—Derek's McCleary behaves like a policeman gleaning gruesome details of a murder, only to be thrown out of the crime scene by a disgusted cop—but unlike Fuller's dyspeptically fast-paced book, it is has less alacrity to its rhythm. Whereas Chapman's irredeemable act occurs right at the beginning of Fuller's novel, Karlson's film is slower to uncover it. Fortunately, Scandal Sheet gains momentum in its aftermath. One highly memorable scene involves a group of woebegone drunkards being questioned by McCleary and his partner Biddle (a well-realized and queasily comical Harry Morgan), as the newspapermen attempt to get to the bottom of the crime at the film's center. Donna Reed as morally upright Julie Allison sometimes veers into didactic, lifeless platitudes, but her relationship with the borderline courting McCleary is well-rendered and believable.

In many ways, however, Scandal Sheet is a film that would not be nearly so sibilating without Crawford's ardent performance. Known for barking like a bulldog, Crawford utilizes his (at this point in his career, especially after winning the Oscar for All the King's Men) on-screen identity, and creates an indelible noir protagonist driven to sheer desperation. As he finds himself committing yet another unspeakable crime against a sympathetic character simply to hide his earlier ones, the audience may find in him, not quite empathy, but responsive connection. It may help that Crawford's Chapman is softened and curiously mollified; in Fuller's novel he is far more incorrigibly awful a person. In Karlson's film noir, however, that aforementioned callous hand of fate entraps Chapman, and makes an already ugly person only far uglier. The very ending of Scandal Sheet may be interpreted as a sight gag of sorts, but it reinforces the smoke-filled verbal lacerations that have come before. (For an example of only one brutal comment to be found throughout the film, McCleary once refers to a dead woman as a wonderment to Reed's Allison—a dame “with her mouth shut.”) The last shot of Scandal Sheet in actuality surpasses its apparent comicality, and comments on the paradoxes that haunt Chapman, driving a man to destroy himself through his own megalomania.

59 comments:

NoirishCity.... said...

Hi! Alexander,
Oh! I really like the 1952 film
"Scandal Sheet" and even though I own a near "pristine" copy of this film that was recorded from "television" (What is a television? haha!)I really wish that "The powers-that-be"...would place this film on dvd one day.
Btw, I wonder how do it hold up on the "big screen?"

Tks,
DarkCityDame ;-)

Alexander Coleman said...

Dark City Dame, it's absolutely wonderful on the big screen! That is terrific that you own a near "pristine" copy of the film recorded from television. I had never seen it before the 23rd. I'd love to see it again in the near future. Apparently, Turner Classic Movies does have it in their enormous vault. :)

Kevin J. Olson said...

Great as always Alexander. I love the poster for the film, too. I just finished the post I've been working on for awhile about the evolution of the noir genre. I just need to get some pictures and make it a little neater, if you don't mind I'd love to hear your thoughts on it once I post it. I can post a link in the comments here (again, if you don't mind, I don't want to be spamming you) once it's ready to be read.

Anyway, as I've said numerous times, I've been lovin' these Noir reviews.

NoirishCity.... said...

Alexander said,"I'd love to see it again in the near future. Apparently, Turner Classic Movies does have it in their enormous vault." :)

Alexander,
I take it that you haven't visit Sam's blog lately!...because if you, do visit Sam's blog and scroll over to your coverage of NoirCity 7 you will see a comment that I left for you...something about sending you the "mother lode" of film (s).

Like the Animoto Guys,
say, Take Care!
DarkCityDame ;-D

Alexander Coleman said...

Sounds fabulous, Kevin--and thank you for the very kind words--and, Dark City Dame, thank you for sending me the "mother lode" of films soon!!! My goodness... I'll have to check that out immediately! :-)

Alexander Coleman said...

That means a lot, Kevin, as your encouragement helped motivate me to keep writing these out. If you look at the comments section of Shakedown, you'll see that I left links to reviews of certain films that I consider to be important in the evolution of noir post-Touch of Evil, which you spoke of in that comments thread. Tying that into another item, one of those films, Point Blank, will be shown at the San Francisco Castro Theatre this Friday evening with The Outfit. I'll have to go. Again, I look forward to your piece. You're certainly free to link it here.

Oh, and Dark City Dame, did I say thank you for that?!?! You're benevolence knows no bounds!!

Kevin J. Olson said...

Alright Alexander, here's the link:

http://kolson-kevinsblog.blogspot.com/2009/02/neo-cyber-and-postmodern-noir-look-at.html

And I wish I lived in San Fran as I would absolutely love to see Point Blank on the big screen.

Alexander Coleman said...

Yep, it's great living where you can drive into S.F. so quickly.

Thanks for the link.

And replying belatedly to a point you made earlier, I too love this poster, even if it is at least a little misleading.

Sam Juliano said...

I have never seen SCANDAL SHEET, but your exquisite treatment certainly make it worth a look-see, even if your summary judgement was only modestly favorable.
I was amazed at that story you related about Samuel Fuller's mom receiving the promised $7,000, and sending on $1,000 to her son while he was fighting in Europe, only to find that Howard Hawks withdrew from the project, leaving Phil Karlson to direct.
When you spoke of the 'scandal increasing the circulation of the newspaper' which was apparently most acceptable to the publishers, i thought of NETWORK, which had a similar premise in a different venue.
Your description of Burnett Guffey's atmospheric cinematography makes the film intriguing, but perhaps the very best segment of your excellent piece is the one where you describe Crawford's performance:

"Scandal Sheet is a film that would not be nearly so sibilating without Crawford's ardent performance. Known for barking like a bulldog, Crawford utilizes his (at this point in his career, especially after winning the Oscar for All the King's Men) on-screen identity, and creates an indelible noir protagonist driven to sheer desperation. As he finds himself committing yet another unspeakable crime against a sympathetic character simply to hide his earlier ones, the audience may find in him, not quite empathy, but responsive connection. It may help that Crawford's Chapman is softened and curiously mollified; in Fuller's novel he is far more incorrigibly awful a person. In Karlson's film noir, however, that aforementioned callous hand of fate, entraps Chapman, and makes an already ugly person only far uglier."

Outstandingly observant as always and again, kudos to you for this terrific festival, and the great reviews you crafted in response.

Alexander Coleman said...

Thank you very much, Sam, and your point about the connection to Network makes a great deal of sense! Thank you for the very kind words, and I'm glad you enjoyed the review, and the series of ones from Noir City 7.

NoirishCity.... said...

Sam said, "I have never seen SCANDAL SHEET, but your exquisite treatment certainly make it worth a look-see, even if your summary judgement was only modestly favorable."
Sam Juliano, *No worries* Gerry, is sending you a copy in a hurry!
And according, to Gerry, the "print" is closest to a commercial print as possible!
Take care!
DCD ;-D

Alexander Coleman said...

Dark City Dame is the ultimate deus ex machina for those of us desirous of obscure film noirs! Thank you yet again, Dark City Dame. :)

NoirishCity.... said...

Alexander said,"And replying belatedly to a point you made earlier, I too love this poster, even if it is at least a little misleading."

Alexander,
I know that for a fact, that the title is "misleading," but I better stop discussing the film because Sam Juliano, haven't watch it yet!
Alexander, I will send you an email about "The Mother Lode" I must admit,I have been
"procrastinating"...Sorry!;-(
I will go now...and send you the list!

dcd ;-)

Sam Juliano said...

DARK CITY DAME is beyond amazing! She is the Queen of Noir, true, but a saintly person all the way through.

My deepest gratitude to you.

And thanks to you too Alexander of course for the most kind words.

Alexander Coleman said...

Haha, Dark City Dame, you truly are incomparable!

Thank you again, Sam, as well.

NoirishCity.... said...

Hi! Sam Juliano,

I'am "more" or "less" like the "Novice" of "Noir"
I don't think 2 and a half years of collecting "Film Noir" qualify me to be "bestow" with such a title!...But, I must admit
I'am the Queen of Oops!

Sam, you think that I'am "Saintly?!?" and Alexander think that I'am the "A" word, but yet I live in "NoirishCity" hmmm...Just Kidding! ;-D
DSAD

Alexander Coleman said...

Haha, Dark City Dame, you're too much!

Anonymous said...

If you've not read, it, Sam Fuller's brilliant original novel, The Dark Page, was republished in a new edition just last year. (Wim Wenders wrote an introduction.) Someone should remake it; maybe Scorsese, with De Niro and Leo...

Alexander Coleman said...

Anonymous, I have recently read Fuller's novel (thank goodness for the new edition!), and you're right. It's a great, pulpy and dyspeptic novel. I'd love to see Scorsese make it. Splendid idea on another De Niro-DiCaprio pairing, this time under Scorsese's direction. That would be perfect for this!

ben said...

You make this sound very appealing. I like Broderick Crawford and judging by your piece he is great here. I can't wait to see this some how. Great review.

Alexander Coleman said...

Thank you, Ben. Hope you are able to see it soon. It's an entertaining noir.

Moses Hernandez said...

Fantastic review of a little seen movie Alexander. Broderick Crawford really does own it.

Alexander Coleman said...

Thank you very much, Moses. I just watched this in the comfort of my own home on Saturday evening thanks to the glorious Dark City Dame.

DarkCity said...

Hi! Alexander,
Alexander said,I just watched this in the comfort of my own home on Saturday evening thanks to the glorious Dark City Dame.

I wonder if your copy of G.McCall print was in nearly "pristine" condition?

I have to check my box tomorrow...in order to find out if Sam Juliano's package arrived with The Spider, Strange Triangle,
etc...
in order for me to send it to you "pronto" to be "honest" with you, with all these different mailing, I don't know what to expect anymore?!?

Btw, Your "girlfriend "Penelope Cruz" Ha!Ha!... won her first Oscar@ methinks!

Take Care!
Dcd ;-D

Alexander Coleman said...

Yes, Dark City Dame, Scandal Sheet was most certainly in nearly pristine condition! It was truly wonderful, and I thank you once again for the copy! And I received those other discs as well, including Christmas Holiday and others--thank you!

My girlfriend Penelope Cruz? HA! I was quite gratified to see her win. And what a speech! :-)

DarkCity said...

Alexander said, "Briefly, I would like to inform my readers that the ten-day absence of posts was a time of dealing with many other matters. I love writing for this blog and want to diligently maintain it but at the same time blogging should not be allowed to become one's life. I plan to finish February out strong with several upcoming reviews, starting with at least one or two films from 2008 to be examined as well as much more. Thank you for your patience...")

Hi! Alexander,
Your "point" is well taken, but some bloggers, do get paid well
blogging.I want to become a "professional" Graphic Designer(On my Google profile,I list myself as a Graphic Designer but, I fail to mention the words..."One Day."...Because I have not completed all my courses yet, but *NO WORRIES* Alexander, all of your loyal readers will always be here!...when ever you "step" away from computer.
)

Take Care!
Dcd ;-D

DarkCity said...

Alexander said, "I was quite gratified to see her win. And what a speech!" :-)
I didn't watch her (Cruz) give her acceptance speech...
...Sorry! Alexander, I don't watch television as you, well know by now, but I did follow T.S.(From over there at Screen Savour) and his wife Mrs.T.S., Live-Blog very closely yesterday.
I must admit that T.S.'s Live-Blog was very interesting...because I followed the Oscars@ without having to watch the Oscar on television.
Btw, T.S.had clothes in the dryer
and they were dry, by the time the Oscars@ went off!...methinks! (Ha!Ha!)

Take Care!
Dcd ;-D
P.S. Will it be alright if I email you, and ask you two questions about two films that are considered noir.

DarkCity said...

Hi! Alexander,
Please ignore my next to last comment.It's very incoherent...I'am
Sleepy!...I guess, and I have a terrible migraine headache.

Dcd ;-D

Alexander Coleman said...

Dark City Dame, thank you once again for the profoundly welcome words of wisdom, grace and kindness. I'm very much touched by your comments! And please do not apologize for that middle comment--I look forward to looking in on my emails and see yours!

Keeping in touch with the Oscars through T.S.'s live blogging sounds like a tremendous experience, Dark City Dame! How neat. :-)

I'm terribly sorry to hear you were suffering from a migraine headache. Are you better now? I actually had a (significantly less traumatic) headache last night myself. I hope you are far better now! Again, don't apologize for anything, Dark City Dame--you're constantly enriching Coleman's Corner with all of your wonderful comments!

And I'm sure you will be a fantastic "Graphics Designer," as you are remarkably talented. :)

Anonymous said...

Film noir rulz.

Alexander Coleman said...

I concur, Anonymous. It rules. Haha.

DarkCity said...

Hi! Alexander,
Check your email!...First of all,
I'am recovering from a "migraine" and Friday dental work...Ouch!
...What next?
At least the email that I send to you will have some "good news" for you!...methinks!

Take care!
Dcd ;-D

Alexander Coleman said...

Thank you so very much for the email, Dark City Dame! And I'm so happy to hear you are recovering from your migraine headache! :-)

Melinda said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Melinda said...

Who doesn't love these noir movies ? Particularly this one rules !

Melinda Watson

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Coleman's Corner in Cinema... said...

You're right, Melinda. These old noir films never "get old" for me. And Scandal Sheet is just too much fun to ignore.

Thanks for visiting!

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Great as always Alexander. I love the poster for the film, too. I just finished the post I've been working on for awhile about the evolution of the noir genre. I just need to get some pictures and make it a little neater, if you don't mind I'd love to hear your thoughts on it once I post it. I can post a link in the comments here (again, if you don't mind, I don't want to be spamming you) once it's ready to be read.

nguyen said...

Dark City Dame, it's absolutely wonderful on the big screen! That is terrific that you own a near "pristine" copy of the film recorded from television. I had never seen it before the 23rd. I'd love to see it again in the near future. Apparently, Turner Classic Movies does have it in their enormous vault. :)
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